Showing posts tagged as "post election violence"

Showing posts tagged post election violence

3 Apr
Karachi Braces for Violent Election Season | Wall Street Journal
By Annabel Symington
While most of Karachi is divided on clear ethnic lines, there are a number of mixed communities where the changing demographics of the city are creating flash points.
“You can actually identify the constituencies where you need to have safe guards in place,” says Samina Ahmed, South Asia director for the Brussels-based International Crisis Group.
FULL ARTICLE (Wall Street Journal)
Photo: mdmission/Flickr

Karachi Braces for Violent Election Season | Wall Street Journal

By Annabel Symington

While most of Karachi is divided on clear ethnic lines, there are a number of mixed communities where the changing demographics of the city are creating flash points.

“You can actually identify the constituencies where you need to have safe guards in place,” says Samina Ahmed, South Asia director for the Brussels-based International Crisis Group.

FULL ARTICLE (Wall Street Journal)

Photo: mdmission/Flickr

4 May
VOA | Report: In Burundi, Hundreds of Extrajudicial Killings
Human Rights Watch (HRW) released an 81-page report on Wednesday in the capital, Bujumbura, documenting scores of killings by state agents and rebel groups.Findings of the report, “’You Will Not Have Peace While You Are Living’: The Escalation of Political Violence in Burundi,” indicate that few cases have gone to trial, reflecting widespread impunity and an ineffective judiciary.
According to the report, the spate of extrajudicial killings began after the 2010 elections, won by President Pierre Nkurunziza and his CNDD FDD party.  Burundian human rights groups estimate there have been as many as 300 such killings.
FULL ARTICLE (VOA)

VOA | Report: In Burundi, Hundreds of Extrajudicial Killings

Human Rights Watch (HRW) released an 81-page report on Wednesday in the capital, Bujumbura, documenting scores of killings by state agents and rebel groups.

Findings of the report, “’You Will Not Have Peace While You Are Living’: The Escalation of Political Violence in Burundi,” indicate that few cases have gone to trial, reflecting widespread impunity and an ineffective judiciary.

According to the report, the spate of extrajudicial killings began after the 2010 elections, won by President Pierre Nkurunziza and his CNDD FDD party.  Burundian human rights groups estimate there have been as many as 300 such killings.

FULL ARTICLE (VOA)

3 May
International Crisis Group

DR Congo (I): The Post-Election Dynamic

3 May 2012

The Democratic Republic of Congo’s presidential and legislative elections, held late last year, were widely condemned as illegitimate, marred by fraud and violence. Thierry Vircoulon, Crisis Group’s Central Africa Project Director, discusses the country’s post-election dynamics and how the political system might be repaired. 

CRISIS GROUP

Photo: U.S. Department of Defense/  Wikimedia Commons

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23 Apr
The New York Times | Militants and Politics Bedevil Yemen’s New Leaders
Two months after a new president took office, Yemen’s fledgling interim government has found itself overwhelmed by a set of dangerous new challenges to the country’s stability, including a series of a bold attacks by a resurgent militant movement in the south and a festering political standoff in the capital.
n the last few weeks, the new president, Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi, has faced open defiance after he tried to dismiss or reassign officials loyal to his predecessor, Ali Abdullah Saleh, who ruled Yemen for 33 years. In the south, hundreds of people have been killed in clashes that intensified after insurgents attacked an army base and seized heavy weapons, including tanks.
A military officer in Lawdar, one of the centers of the fighting, said that soldiers had not been able to recapture an army base that they were forced to abandon after an attack by the militants in early April. “The situation is now out of control,” said the officer, who requested anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the news media.
FULL ARTICLE (The New York Times)

The New York Times | Militants and Politics Bedevil Yemen’s New Leaders

Two months after a new president took office, Yemen’s fledgling interim government has found itself overwhelmed by a set of dangerous new challenges to the country’s stability, including a series of a bold attacks by a resurgent militant movement in the south and a festering political standoff in the capital.

n the last few weeks, the new president, Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi, has faced open defiance after he tried to dismiss or reassign officials loyal to his predecessor, Ali Abdullah Saleh, who ruled Yemen for 33 years. In the south, hundreds of people have been killed in clashes that intensified after insurgents attacked an army base and seized heavy weapons, including tanks.

A military officer in Lawdar, one of the centers of the fighting, said that soldiers had not been able to recapture an army base that they were forced to abandon after an attack by the militants in early April. “The situation is now out of control,” said the officer, who requested anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the news media.

FULL ARTICLE (The New York Times)

6 Feb

Zimbabwe’s Sanctions Standoff

Johannesburg/Brussels  |   6 Feb 2012

A bold approach to the sanctions issue is necessary to refocus efforts on the actions needed to break the political stalemate in Zimbabwe before elections are held that otherwise threaten to be as violent and undemocratic as the 2008 round.

The International Crisis Group briefing Zimbabwe’s Sanctions Standoff describes need for a nuanced approach distinguishing the various measures imposed by the EU, U.S. and other Western states. All parties claim to support ending sanctions but the issue is treated more as a political football than a problem to be resolved. Sanctioners argue reform deficits justify continuation. Robert Mugabe’s ZANU-PF party calls reform contingent on removal; the Southern African Development Community (SADC) says they exacerbate conditions; the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) formations argue removal would be more feasible if the Global Political Agreement (GPA) reached after the 2008 elections was kept to.   

 “President Mugabe and ZANU-PF manipulate the issue politically and propagandise it as part of their efforts to frustrate reforms and mobilise against perceived internal and external threats to national sovereignty”, says Piers Pigou, Crisis Group’s Southern Africa Project Director. “Supporters of sanctions have not connected individual measures adequately to the broader struggle for democracy, and they have never gained support for them from the region”.

Sanctions were introduced in response to political violence, human rights abuses and rule-of-law violations, as well as deteriorating democratic standards that followed the violent 2000 and 2002 elections. They include targeted measures against individuals and entities, like visa bans and asset freezes; restrictions on much government-to-government aid (though not humanitarian and some development help), as well as on access to loans and credits in international financial institutions; and arms embargoes.

The measures have generated a polarised narrative between those who argue that Zimbabwe is under a broad sanctions regime that is primarily responsible for its economic woes, and those who claim that they are limited, and ZANU-PF policies and practices are mainly responsible for economic disintegration. The gridlock reflects the broader paralysis that characterises Zimbabwe’s politics and underscores the necessity for key reforms to secure credible elections that must be held by June 2013.

Sanctions cannot be dealt with in isolation from broader challenges, but insistence that their removal requires virtually full implementation of reform has stymied exploration of innovative approaches. Those imposing them should make distinctions between the various types. In particular, they should do a comprehensive review of their impact; be more flexible on targeted measure when an individual’s travel involves legitimate government business; keep arms embargoes but make greater effort to engage the security sector so as to promote dialogue about its responsibilities; and seek to negotiate with SADC a suspension of the ban on much government-to-government aid linked to implementation of key election-related reforms and more vigorous SADC facilitation within an agreed timeframe.

The GPA signatories (ZANU-PF and the MDC) and the facilitator, SADC (with South Africa leading), should put realistic options on the table tying relaxation and eventual removal of all sanctions to a realistic reform agenda, as set out in the draft election roadmap and including monitored implementation.

 “All that requires a degree of political commitment that has largely been absent”, says Africa Program Director Comfort Ero. “But if it can be summoned, there may yet be a chance to put in place at least the minimum conditions, including restraints on the security services, needed for genuine elections by 2013”.

FULL BRIEFING (International Crisis Group)