Regardez Louise Arbour, Présidente-directrice générale de Crisis Group, discute sa réunion avec le Premier ministre de Mali sur Journal 20h de ORTM.
Showing posts tagged as "mali"
Showing posts tagged mali
Letter from the President, Louise Arbour
In the course of what proved to be a turbulent year, Crisis Group was instrumental in delivering timely analysis and sound recommendations to leaders the world over. The year ahead promises further uncertainty. Taking just two examples, the Syrian conflict looks set to escalate further, and the repercussions of developments in Mali are far from clear but promise to be significant. Meeting these challenges will require renewed efforts and a profound understanding of the dynamics and drivers of conflict in diverse regions of the world.
As the civil war in Syria intensified in 2012 and consecutive peace efforts failed, our analysts continued to report in an extremely complex environment on the devastating military and humanitarian situation. Crisis Group’s reports on the radicalisation of the conflict and extremist currents among the opposition afforded essential insight. In Central and West Africa, the proliferation of armed extremists and rebel groups reflects the relative ease with which radical forces can exploit the political and institutional weakness of countries in transition. Likewise, several states in North Africa face numerous hurdles in their transition to democracy, with enduring political and economic turmoil in Egypt and continued security threats confronting Libya.
Throughout these conflicts and others, Crisis Group has equipped policymakers with informed judgments and practical advice crucial to the de-escalation and prevention of violence. Our analysis of events over the past year has often proved prescient, while our targeted advocacy efforts have produced real results, including the lifting of sanctions against Myanmar and the passage of a United Nations Human Rights Council resolution criticising the Sri Lankan government’s failure to support reconciliation and account adequately for the deaths of perhaps 40,000 civilians at the end of its civil war. In addition, Crisis Group continues to ensure it pays attention to emerging or forgotten crises: last year we reported for the first time on the troubled North Caucasus region of Russia, as well as rising tensions in the South China Sea and the rise of piracy and organised crime in the Gulf of Guinea.
In the coming year, Crisis Group will further its efforts to address security issues in countries currently facing armed conflict, as well as in those emerging from it and those where instability threatens to erupt into open violence. We will also promote dialogue on a range of security-related issues, including the rule of law, the effectiveness of sanctions and the rights of national minorities, to ensure that these concerns continue to be adequately addressed in security circles.
Of course, at the root of any successful organisation lies the talent and dedication of its staff. I would like to take this opportunity to thank my colleagues for their hard work and congratulate them on the real-life impact they have made in promoting peace and stability throughout the world.
Brussels, 1 February 2013
Louise Arbour, President and CEO
Watch Comfort Ero, Crisis Group’s Africa Program Director, discuss our work in Mali.
Au Mali, privilégier la restauration de l’État | Le Figaro
Par Gilles Yabi, Directeur du projet Afrique de l’Ouest
Déclenchée le 11 janvier par la France, l’opération Serval ne s’est pas contentée de bloquer l’offensive des groupes armés islamistes vers le Sud du Mali, objectif initialement affiché par Paris. Elle a permis de les chasser en un temps record des deux plus grandes villes du Nord du Mali, Gao et Tombouctou, et de donner à ce qui reste de l’armée malienne le sentiment de participer à la reconquête du territoire qu’il n’a pas su ni voulu défendre l’an dernier. Il n’y a pas lieu de faire la fine bouche : l’intervention française était non seulement nécessaire et vitale au moment où elle a été déclenchée mais la reprise des villes du Nord est effectivement vécue comme une « libération » par des populations abandonnées depuis neuf mois au règne brutal de groupes dépourvus d’une quelconque légitimité.
Photo: Ferdinand Reus/Flickr
EU and International Crisis Group host roundtable on Mali in New York | EU-UN
On 29 January, the European Union Delegation to the United Nations and International Crisis Group hosted a roundtable discussion on “Ensuring a comprehensive political solution in Mali”.
The discussion provided an overview of the developments in Mali, exploring the many challenges facing both French and African forces as well as the wider international community. As fighting continues, the discussion addressed the root causes of the current conflict and focused on the importance of establishing a coherent political process to resolve Mali’s crisis.
The roundtable discussion included a presentation by Gilles Yabi, International Crisis Group’s Project Director for West Africa. Based in Dakar, Senegal, Mr. Yabi brought expertise in the fields of conflict analysis, peacekeeping operations and political governance in West Africa.
Photo: United Nations/Wikimedia Commons
Mali crisis shines light on Nigeria’s shadowy insurgency | AFP via Channel News Asia
LAGOS: Mali’s struggle against Islamists now being targeted by French and African forces has raised fresh questions over an insurgency in nearby Nigeria and ties between extremists in both countries.
Nigeria plans to send some 900 troops to Mali as well as command the African force being deployed there despite also dealing with violence back home by the Islamist extremist group Boko Haram.
While the Islamist advance in Mali has sparked international fears that it could become a safe haven for Al-Qaeda-linked militants and criminal gangs, many observers caution that Nigeria’s situation is vastly different.
Photo: United States Navy/Wikimedia Commons
EU approves military training mission to Mali
BRUSSELS (AP) — European officials had a message Thursday for French forces fighting on the front lines of the battle against Islamist extremists in the troubled African country of Mali: We’re behind you all the way — and right behind you is exactly where we plan to stay.
French-Led Strikes on Mali Islamists Threaten Revenge Attacks | Bloomberg
By Franz Wild & Pauline Bax
French and West African military intervention in Mali runs the risk of provoking revenge attacks by Islamic militants, spreading instability in a region rich in gold, uranium and cocoa, said analysts from Dakar to London.
“When you send troops to the north of Mali there is the possibility of reprisals in terms of terrorist attacks,” Gilles Yabi, the West Africa program director of Brussels-based International Crisis Group, said today in an interview from the Senegalese capital, Dakar. “These countries don’t have the level of security and protection that western countries have. France itself is taking a risk, in terms of the hostages and in terms of terrorist attacks.”
from 10 Conflicts to Watch in 2013 | Foreign Policy
by Louise Arbour
Sahel: Mali, Nigeria, and beyond
Instability in the Sahel region of Africa increased on a number of fronts in 2012, and attempts to stem that trend will be high on many countries’ agendas in 2013. Mali — where a military coup toppled the government in March, while separatists and al Qaeda-linked fundamentalists took over the country’s north — tops the list of regional troubles.
The coming year will see both the rollout of a necessary international intervention in Mali, and possibly more important, a political process to reunify the country. On the former, the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) and the African Union have already approved a mission of 3,300 soldiers to help the Malian state wrest control of the northern part of the country from Islamist fighters, pending international endorsement of such a move by the U.N. Security Council.
Fear of an intervention without end has led to reluctance in many quarters about deploying an international force in the vast northern desert. But the risks of inaction are just as great. Getting boots on the ground will take some time, as will the desperately needed restructuring and training of Malian units by a separate EU mission.
On the political side, it is necessary to make sure that the process of reuniting the country is truly inclusive. Some of the groups controlling the north are clearly beyond the pale — they are terrorists, and they are not interested in coming to the negotiation table. Others may be more amenable to a deal. But much depends on the Malian government’s political and military leadership, which remains shaky after the interim prime minister was forced to resign by the military in December. The new and ostensibly more consensual prime minister might facilitate a national dialogue aimed at designing a roadmap to resolve Mali’s political crisis and organizing for elections in 2013. However, with the military coup leaders showing a worrying propensity to remain enmeshed in civilian political life, the country’s future remains uncertain.
The Sahel region also has another deeply worrying conflict in northern Nigeria, where the radical Islamist group Boko Haram has been blamed for thousands of deaths in recent years. The government’s response has been an uneven mix of confused talk about possible negotiations and heavy-handed, often indiscriminate, security efforts that may have aggravated the violence and sent more recruits into the hands of the extremists. Without concerted attention and a dramatic about-face in government policy, look for 2013 to be another bloody year in northern Nigeria.
Photo: EU Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection/Flickr
New Mali PM crafts unity government to win back north | AFP via The Daily Star Lebanon
BAMAKO: Mali’s new Prime Minister Diango Cissoko started drawing up a new unity government Wednesday that could bring the consensus needed to launch a foreign military intervention in the Islamist-occupied north.
While Cissoko pledged to regain control of the country’s north, international condemnation poured in over the ouster of his predecessor Cheick Modibo Diarra and meddling by a former junta still seen as pulling the strings in the capital.
The new premier has not mentioned the international force which has been mired in uncertainty, but observers say Diarra was seen as an obstacle to reaching consensus and a new government could pave the way to its deployment.
EU foreign policy head Catherine Ashton on Wednesday hailed Cissoko’s nomination, saying that he was a gifted negotiator with good knowledge of Mali’s political scene who had an ability to bring people together.
Gilles Yabi of the International Crisis Group told AFP that “optimistically” Cissoko could “unblock the situation. He is a more reliable, competent and impartial representative than Diarra was.”
Photo: Rgaudin/Wikimedia Commons