Showing posts tagged as "mali"

Showing posts tagged mali

1 May
Sauvé du crash, le Mali n’est pas encore tiré d’affaire | Jeune Afrique
Par Gilles Yabi, Directeur du projet Afrique de l’Ouest
Votée le 25 avril, la résolution 2100 du Conseil de sécurité a autorisé le déploiement d’une mission de stabilisation des Nations unies au Mali (Minusma) qui prendra le relais de l’actuelle Mission internationale de soutien au Mali sous conduite africaine (Misma). La mutation doit intervenir en juillet, « si les conditions de sécurité le permettent ». Les Casques bleus, soldats et policiers, devraient être 12 600, et ils devront pouvoir compter, en cas de « danger grave et imminent », sur le soutien des forces françaises, 2 000 en juillet puis un millier en fin d’année, selon Paris.
Les Maliens ne débordent pas d’enthousiasme à l’idée de l’installation à durée indéterminée d’une grosse machine onusienne civile et militaire, mais ils ont compris qu’ils n’ont pas le choix. Ils savent que l’inconséquence et la démission de leurs élites dirigeantes politiques et militaires pendant au moins une décennie ont affaibli l’État à un point tel qu’il avait déjà cessé d’exercer sa souveraineté sur une partie de son territoire. C’est bien à la reconstruction de la légitimité de cet État aux yeux de toutes les composantes de la nation malienne, et de sa capacité à assurer la sécurité et les services sociaux de base sur l’ensemble du territoire qu’il faut s’atteler. L’intervention militaire a réglé la partie de l’immense problème que quelques milliers de soldats, des avions de chasse, des technologies de pointe, peuvent régler. Ce qu’il reste à faire est dantesque et exige une stratégie politique globale pilotée par les Maliens et soutenue par  la composante civile de la Minusma et l’ensemble de la communauté internationale.   
ARTICLE COMPLET (Jeune Afrique)
Photo: Emilia Tjernströ/Flickr

Sauvé du crash, le Mali n’est pas encore tiré d’affaire | Jeune Afrique

Par Gilles Yabi, Directeur du projet Afrique de l’Ouest

Votée le 25 avril, la résolution 2100 du Conseil de sécurité a autorisé le déploiement d’une mission de stabilisation des Nations unies au Mali (Minusma) qui prendra le relais de l’actuelle Mission internationale de soutien au Mali sous conduite africaine (Misma). La mutation doit intervenir en juillet, « si les conditions de sécurité le permettent ». Les Casques bleus, soldats et policiers, devraient être 12 600, et ils devront pouvoir compter, en cas de « danger grave et imminent », sur le soutien des forces françaises, 2 000 en juillet puis un millier en fin d’année, selon Paris.

Les Maliens ne débordent pas d’enthousiasme à l’idée de l’installation à durée indéterminée d’une grosse machine onusienne civile et militaire, mais ils ont compris qu’ils n’ont pas le choix. Ils savent que l’inconséquence et la démission de leurs élites dirigeantes politiques et militaires pendant au moins une décennie ont affaibli l’État à un point tel qu’il avait déjà cessé d’exercer sa souveraineté sur une partie de son territoire. C’est bien à la reconstruction de la légitimité de cet État aux yeux de toutes les composantes de la nation malienne, et de sa capacité à assurer la sécurité et les services sociaux de base sur l’ensemble du territoire qu’il faut s’atteler. L’intervention militaire a réglé la partie de l’immense problème que quelques milliers de soldats, des avions de chasse, des technologies de pointe, peuvent régler. Ce qu’il reste à faire est dantesque et exige une stratégie politique globale pilotée par les Maliens et soutenue par  la composante civile de la Minusma et l’ensemble de la communauté internationale.   

ARTICLE COMPLET (Jeune Afrique)

Photo: Emilia Tjernströ/Flickr

25 Apr

Watch Crisis Group’s Africa Program Director Comfort Ero and Communications Director Scott Malcomson at the UN launch of our recent report on Mali

11 Apr
Mali: Security, Dialogue and Meaningful Reform
Dakar/Brussels | 11 Apr 2013
Mali and its international partners need to seize the moment for national dialogue to forestall renewed political and security crises.
Mali: Security, Dialogue and Meaningful Reform, the latest report from the International Crisis Group, examines the situation in Mali after France’s military intervention to restore the north of the country to government control and as the UN Security Council considers the deployment and mandate of a stabilisation mission. Sporadic fighting in the north continues and formidable threats to security remain. The presidential election, currently scheduled for July, poses particularly acute challenges. An inclusive political process, involving national dialogue and reconciliation between Mali’s various communities, are critical to preventing a resurgence of violence. Over time, only improved governance can ensure sustained peace and stability.
The report’s major findings and recommendations are:
Mali’s political leaders need to make public and well-publicised commitments to peace and reconciliation, or risk an election campaign that reinforces divisions, inflaming tensions after the vote, and jeopardising badly-needed reforms.
Mass communication, especially through the radio and television stations listened to across the country, is crucial to encourage political participation and reduce tension. By the same token, a new mechanism for monitoring the media should check inflammatory or divisive language.
Mali’s regional and international partners should help persuade the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) that its interests are best served by renouncing its armed struggle and participating in a political process. For their part, leaders in Bamako should avoid imposing conditions on armed groups that close the door to dialogue, however discreet. Such dialogue will be vital to give all northern Malians the opportunity to participate in the elections, without which the far north could again become a base for armed rebellion.
A clear distinction should be maintained between, on the one hand, the planned UN stabilisation mission, with its large civilian component, and, on the other, a “parallel force” responsible for counter-terror operations, whose legal basis and geographic mandate should be clarified.
“Elections must be held soon but not at any cost”, says Gilles Yabi, Crisis Group’s West Africa Project Director. “Reconciliation must begin now, as should the provision of basic social and economic services to the north. The radicalisation of public opinion is a major risk and Mali’s leaders and institutions must take firm action to prevent people, especially those in the south, lumping together rebels, terrorists and drug traffickers with all Tuaregs and Arabs”.
“Focusing on terrorism alone risks distracting from the main problems”, says Comfort Ero, Crisis Group’s Africa Program Director. “Corruption and poor governance are more important causes of the crisis than the terrorist threat, the Tuareg issue, or even the north-south divide. The challenges for the region and the UN are to align their positions on the political process, and to insist that Malians, especially their elites, assume responsibility for reversing bad governance and preventing another crisis”.
FULL REPORT

Mali: Security, Dialogue and Meaningful Reform

Dakar/Brussels | 11 Apr 2013

Mali and its international partners need to seize the moment for national dialogue to forestall renewed political and security crises.

Mali: Security, Dialogue and Meaningful Reform, the latest report from the International Crisis Group, examines the situation in Mali after France’s military intervention to restore the north of the country to government control and as the UN Security Council considers the deployment and mandate of a stabilisation mission. Sporadic fighting in the north continues and formidable threats to security remain. The presidential election, currently scheduled for July, poses particularly acute challenges. An inclusive political process, involving national dialogue and reconciliation between Mali’s various communities, are critical to preventing a resurgence of violence. Over time, only improved governance can ensure sustained peace and stability.

The report’s major findings and recommendations are:

  • Mali’s political leaders need to make public and well-publicised commitments to peace and reconciliation, or risk an election campaign that reinforces divisions, inflaming tensions after the vote, and jeopardising badly-needed reforms.
  • Mass communication, especially through the radio and television stations listened to across the country, is crucial to encourage political participation and reduce tension. By the same token, a new mechanism for monitoring the media should check inflammatory or divisive language.
  • Mali’s regional and international partners should help persuade the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) that its interests are best served by renouncing its armed struggle and participating in a political process. For their part, leaders in Bamako should avoid imposing conditions on armed groups that close the door to dialogue, however discreet. Such dialogue will be vital to give all northern Malians the opportunity to participate in the elections, without which the far north could again become a base for armed rebellion.
  • A clear distinction should be maintained between, on the one hand, the planned UN stabilisation mission, with its large civilian component, and, on the other, a “parallel force” responsible for counter-terror operations, whose legal basis and geographic mandate should be clarified.

“Elections must be held soon but not at any cost”, says Gilles Yabi, Crisis Group’s West Africa Project Director. “Reconciliation must begin now, as should the provision of basic social and economic services to the north. The radicalisation of public opinion is a major risk and Mali’s leaders and institutions must take firm action to prevent people, especially those in the south, lumping together rebels, terrorists and drug traffickers with all Tuaregs and Arabs”.

“Focusing on terrorism alone risks distracting from the main problems”, says Comfort Ero, Crisis Group’s Africa Program Director. “Corruption and poor governance are more important causes of the crisis than the terrorist threat, the Tuareg issue, or even the north-south divide. The challenges for the region and the UN are to align their positions on the political process, and to insist that Malians, especially their elites, assume responsibility for reversing bad governance and preventing another crisis”.

FULL REPORT

5 Apr

Regardez Louise Arbour, Présidente-directrice générale de Crisis Group, discute sa réunion avec le Premier ministre de Mali sur Journal 20h de ORTM.

22 Mar
from Crisis Group’s Annual Report 2013
Letter from the President, Louise Arbour
In the course of what proved to be a turbulent year, Crisis Group was instrumental in delivering timely analysis and sound recommendations to leaders the world over. The year ahead promises further uncertainty. Taking just two examples, the Syrian conflict looks set to escalate further, and the repercussions of developments in Mali are far from clear but promise to be significant. Meeting these challenges will require renewed efforts and a profound understanding of the dynamics and drivers of conflict in diverse regions of the world.
As the civil war in Syria intensified in 2012 and consecutive peace efforts failed, our analysts continued to report in an extremely complex environment on the devastating military and humanitarian situation. Crisis Group’s reports on the radicalisation of the conflict and extremist currents among the opposition afforded essential insight. In Central and West Africa, the proliferation of armed extremists and rebel groups reflects the relative ease with which radical forces can exploit the political and institutional weakness of countries in transition. Likewise, several states in North Africa face numerous hurdles in their transition to democracy, with enduring political and economic turmoil in Egypt and continued security threats confronting Libya.
Throughout these conflicts and others, Crisis Group has equipped policymakers with informed judgments and practical advice crucial to the de-escalation and prevention of violence. Our analysis of events over the past year has often proved prescient, while our targeted advocacy efforts have produced real results, including the lifting of sanctions against Myanmar and the passage of a United Nations Human Rights Council resolution criticising the Sri Lankan government’s failure to support reconciliation and account adequately for the deaths of perhaps 40,000 civilians at the end of its civil war. In addition, Crisis Group continues to ensure it pays attention to emerging or forgotten crises: last year we reported for the first time on the troubled North Caucasus region of Russia, as well as rising tensions in the South China Sea and the rise of piracy and organised crime in the Gulf of Guinea.
In the coming year, Crisis Group will further its efforts to address security issues in countries currently facing armed conflict, as well as in those emerging from it and those where instability threatens to erupt into open violence. We will also promote dialogue on a range of ­security-related issues, including the rule of law, the effectiveness of sanctions and the rights of national minorities, to ensure that these concerns continue to be adequately addressed in security circles.
Of course, at the root of any successful organisation lies the talent and dedication of its staff. I would like to take this opportunity to thank my colleagues for their hard work and congratulate them on the real-life impact they have made in promoting peace and stability throughout the world.
Brussels, 1 February 2013
Louise Arbour, President and CEO

from Crisis Group’s Annual Report 2013

Letter from the President, Louise Arbour

In the course of what proved to be a turbulent year, Crisis Group was instrumental in delivering timely analysis and sound recommendations to leaders the world over. The year ahead promises further uncertainty. Taking just two examples, the Syrian conflict looks set to escalate further, and the repercussions of developments in Mali are far from clear but promise to be significant. Meeting these challenges will require renewed efforts and a profound understanding of the dynamics and drivers of conflict in diverse regions of the world.

As the civil war in Syria intensified in 2012 and consecutive peace efforts failed, our analysts continued to report in an extremely complex environment on the devastating military and humanitarian situation. Crisis Group’s reports on the radicalisation of the conflict and extremist currents among the opposition afforded essential insight. In Central and West Africa, the proliferation of armed extremists and rebel groups reflects the relative ease with which radical forces can exploit the political and institutional weakness of countries in transition. Likewise, several states in North Africa face numerous hurdles in their transition to democracy, with enduring political and economic turmoil in Egypt and continued security threats confronting Libya.

Throughout these conflicts and others, Crisis Group has equipped policymakers with informed judgments and practical advice crucial to the de-escalation and prevention of violence. Our analysis of events over the past year has often proved prescient, while our targeted advocacy efforts have produced real results, including the lifting of sanctions against Myanmar and the passage of a United Nations Human Rights Council resolution criticising the Sri Lankan government’s failure to support reconciliation and account adequately for the deaths of perhaps 40,000 civilians at the end of its civil war. In addition, Crisis Group continues to ensure it pays attention to emerging or forgotten crises: last year we reported for the first time on the troubled North Caucasus region of Russia, as well as rising tensions in the South China Sea and the rise of piracy and organised crime in the Gulf of Guinea.

In the coming year, Crisis Group will further its efforts to address security issues in countries currently facing armed conflict, as well as in those emerging from it and those where instability threatens to erupt into open violence. We will also promote dialogue on a range of ­security-related issues, including the rule of law, the effectiveness of sanctions and the rights of national minorities, to ensure that these concerns continue to be adequately addressed in security circles.

Of course, at the root of any successful organisation lies the talent and dedication of its staff. I would like to take this opportunity to thank my colleagues for their hard work and congratulate them on the real-life impact they have made in promoting peace and stability throughout the world.

Brussels, 1 February 2013

Louise Arbour, President and CEO

20 Feb

Watch Comfort Ero, Crisis Group’s Africa Program Director, discuss our work in Mali.

1 Feb
Au Mali, privilégier la restauration de l’État | Le Figaro
Par Gilles Yabi, Directeur du projet Afrique de l’Ouest
Déclenchée le 11 janvier par la France, l’opération Serval ne s’est pas contentée de bloquer l’offensive des groupes armés islamistes vers le Sud du Mali, objectif initialement affiché par Paris. Elle a permis de les chasser en un temps record des deux plus grandes villes du Nord du Mali, Gao et Tombouctou, et de donner à ce qui reste de l’armée malienne le sentiment de participer à la reconquête du territoire qu’il n’a pas su ni voulu défendre l’an dernier. Il n’y a pas lieu de faire la fine bouche : l’intervention française était non seulement nécessaire et vitale au moment où elle a été déclenchée mais la reprise des villes du Nord est effectivement vécue comme une « libération » par des populations abandonnées depuis neuf mois au règne brutal de groupes dépourvus d’une quelconque légitimité. 
ARTICLE COMPLET (Le Figaro)
Photo: Ferdinand Reus/Flickr

Au Mali, privilégier la restauration de l’État | Le Figaro

Par Gilles Yabi, Directeur du projet Afrique de l’Ouest

Déclenchée le 11 janvier par la France, l’opération Serval ne s’est pas contentée de bloquer l’offensive des groupes armés islamistes vers le Sud du Mali, objectif initialement affiché par Paris. Elle a permis de les chasser en un temps record des deux plus grandes villes du Nord du Mali, Gao et Tombouctou, et de donner à ce qui reste de l’armée malienne le sentiment de participer à la reconquête du territoire qu’il n’a pas su ni voulu défendre l’an dernier. Il n’y a pas lieu de faire la fine bouche : l’intervention française était non seulement nécessaire et vitale au moment où elle a été déclenchée mais la reprise des villes du Nord est effectivement vécue comme une « libération » par des populations abandonnées depuis neuf mois au règne brutal de groupes dépourvus d’une quelconque légitimité. 

ARTICLE COMPLET (Le Figaro)

Photo: Ferdinand Reus/Flickr

30 Jan
EU and International Crisis Group host roundtable on Mali in New York | EU-UN
On 29 January, the European Union Delegation to the United Nations and International Crisis Group hosted a roundtable discussion on “Ensuring a comprehensive political solution in Mali”.
The discussion provided an overview of the developments in Mali, exploring the many challenges facing both French and African forces as well as the wider international community. As fighting continues, the discussion addressed the root causes of the current conflict and focused on the importance of establishing a coherent political process to resolve Mali’s crisis. 
The roundtable discussion included a presentation by Gilles Yabi, International Crisis Group’s Project Director for West Africa. Based in Dakar, Senegal, Mr. Yabi brought expertise in the fields of conflict analysis, peacekeeping operations and political governance in West Africa.
European Union
Photo: United Nations/Wikimedia Commons

EU and International Crisis Group host roundtable on Mali in New York | EU-UN

On 29 January, the European Union Delegation to the United Nations and International Crisis Group hosted a roundtable discussion on “Ensuring a comprehensive political solution in Mali”.

The discussion provided an overview of the developments in Mali, exploring the many challenges facing both French and African forces as well as the wider international community. As fighting continues, the discussion addressed the root causes of the current conflict and focused on the importance of establishing a coherent political process to resolve Mali’s crisis. 

The roundtable discussion included a presentation by Gilles Yabi, International Crisis Group’s Project Director for West Africa. Based in Dakar, Senegal, Mr. Yabi brought expertise in the fields of conflict analysis, peacekeeping operations and political governance in West Africa.

European Union

Photo: United Nations/Wikimedia Commons

18 Jan
Mali crisis shines light on Nigeria’s shadowy insurgency | AFP via Channel News Asia
LAGOS: Mali’s struggle against Islamists now being targeted by French and African forces has raised fresh questions over an insurgency in nearby Nigeria and ties between extremists in both countries. 
Nigeria plans to send some 900 troops to Mali as well as command the African force being deployed there despite also dealing with violence back home by the Islamist extremist group Boko Haram. 
While the Islamist advance in Mali has sparked international fears that it could become a safe haven for Al-Qaeda-linked militants and criminal gangs, many observers caution that Nigeria’s situation is vastly different. 
FULL ARTICLE (AFP via Channel News Asia)
Photo: United States Navy/Wikimedia Commons

Mali crisis shines light on Nigeria’s shadowy insurgency | AFP via Channel News Asia

LAGOS: Mali’s struggle against Islamists now being targeted by French and African forces has raised fresh questions over an insurgency in nearby Nigeria and ties between extremists in both countries. 

Nigeria plans to send some 900 troops to Mali as well as command the African force being deployed there despite also dealing with violence back home by the Islamist extremist group Boko Haram. 

While the Islamist advance in Mali has sparked international fears that it could become a safe haven for Al-Qaeda-linked militants and criminal gangs, many observers caution that Nigeria’s situation is vastly different. 

FULL ARTICLE (AFP via Channel News Asia)

Photo: United States Navy/Wikimedia Commons

EU approves military training mission to Mali
BRUSSELS (AP) — European officials had a message Thursday for French forces fighting on the front lines of the battle against Islamist extremists in the troubled African country of Mali: We’re behind you all the way — and right behind you is exactly where we plan to stay.
FULL ARTICLE (AP via Boston.com)

EU approves military training mission to Mali

BRUSSELS (AP) — European officials had a message Thursday for French forces fighting on the front lines of the battle against Islamist extremists in the troubled African country of Mali: We’re behind you all the way — and right behind you is exactly where we plan to stay.

FULL ARTICLE (AP via Boston.com)