Showing posts tagged as "Libya"

Showing posts tagged Libya

2 Jun
Obama’s counterterrorism doctrine: Let locals lead the fight | David Rohde
In a foreign policy address this week, U.S. President Barack Obama gave his clearest outline yet of his counterterrorism strategy. Al Qaeda splinter groups remain the largest threat to the United States, he said, but Washington must respond to it in a new way: by training local security forces, not deploying American ground troops.
“We have to develop a strategy that matches this diffuse threat - one that expands our reach without sending forces that stretch our military too thin, or stir up local resentments,” Obama said. “We need partners to fight terrorists alongside us.”
But critics say America’s past efforts to train local security forces have had mixed results. Washington has a poor track record of applying the long-term resources, funding and attention needed to carry out such efforts successfully.
FULL ARTICLE (Reuters)
Photo: NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan/flickr

Obama’s counterterrorism doctrine: Let locals lead the fight | David Rohde

In a foreign policy address this week, U.S. President Barack Obama gave his clearest outline yet of his counterterrorism strategy. Al Qaeda splinter groups remain the largest threat to the United States, he said, but Washington must respond to it in a new way: by training local security forces, not deploying American ground troops.

“We have to develop a strategy that matches this diffuse threat - one that expands our reach without sending forces that stretch our military too thin, or stir up local resentments,” Obama said. “We need partners to fight terrorists alongside us.”

But critics say America’s past efforts to train local security forces have had mixed results. Washington has a poor track record of applying the long-term resources, funding and attention needed to carry out such efforts successfully.

FULL ARTICLE (Reuters)

Photo: NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan/flickr

20 May
Too Early To Cry ‘Coup’ in Libya | Michael Pizzi
The violence gripping the streets of Libya’s two major cities may be the early stages of a military coup attempt echoing events in Egypt last summer, or simply an escalation of feuding between rival militias that have run the show since the overthrow of Col. Muammar Gaddafi. In either case, this week’s fighting — some of the worst since the country’s 2011 uprising — has prompted speculation Libya could be sliding back into civil war.
Forces loyal to retired Libyan General Khalifa Haftar on Sunday stormed Libya’s parliament, declared it dissolved, and then clashed with militias backing the fragile Islamist-led central government, just days after Haftar launched an offensive in the eastern port city of Benghazi. On Monday, the commander of the Libyan army’s special forces announced he had allied with Haftar, who claims his so-called Libyan National Army is fighting to stamp out extremism and Al-Qaeda-inspired militias in Libya “by the people’s choice.” An air force base in the city of Tobruk followed suit.
"We are joining the battle of ‘dignity’ launched by the Libyan National Army with all our men and weapons," said Col. Wanis Abu Khamada.
But the Libyan radical group Ansar al-Sharia, which has been labeled a “terrorist” organization by the United States, vowed Tuesday to defend its stronghold against the Libyan National Army and other allied forces. The group has called the deadly offensive in Benghazi “a war against … Islam orchestrated by the United States and its Arab allies,” according to the Agence France-Presse news agency.
FULL ARTICLE (Al Jazeera)
Photo: Magharebia/flickr

Too Early To Cry ‘Coup’ in Libya | Michael Pizzi

The violence gripping the streets of Libya’s two major cities may be the early stages of a military coup attempt echoing events in Egypt last summer, or simply an escalation of feuding between rival militias that have run the show since the overthrow of Col. Muammar Gaddafi. In either case, this week’s fighting — some of the worst since the country’s 2011 uprising — has prompted speculation Libya could be sliding back into civil war.

Forces loyal to retired Libyan General Khalifa Haftar on Sunday stormed Libya’s parliament, declared it dissolved, and then clashed with militias backing the fragile Islamist-led central government, just days after Haftar launched an offensive in the eastern port city of Benghazi. On Monday, the commander of the Libyan army’s special forces announced he had allied with Haftar, who claims his so-called Libyan National Army is fighting to stamp out extremism and Al-Qaeda-inspired militias in Libya “by the people’s choice.” An air force base in the city of Tobruk followed suit.

"We are joining the battle of ‘dignity’ launched by the Libyan National Army with all our men and weapons," said Col. Wanis Abu Khamada.

But the Libyan radical group Ansar al-Sharia, which has been labeled a “terrorist” organization by the United States, vowed Tuesday to defend its stronghold against the Libyan National Army and other allied forces. The group has called the deadly offensive in Benghazi “a war against … Islam orchestrated by the United States and its Arab allies,” according to the Agence France-Presse news agency.

FULL ARTICLE (Al Jazeera)

Photo: Magharebia/flickr

7 May

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In this video, travel with Crisis Group analysts as they investigate conflicts in the field and offer creative solutions.

3 Apr
Check out this month’s issue of CrisisWatch as an interactive map! Conflict situations deteriorated in Libya, Central African Republic, Ukraine, and Yemen, while conditions improved in the Philippines. http://bit.ly/16WsmPX

Check out this month’s issue of CrisisWatch as an interactive map! Conflict situations deteriorated in Libya, Central African Republic, Ukraine, and Yemen, while conditions improved in the Philippines. http://bit.ly/16WsmPX

26 Mar
'Contagion of polarisation' dominates post-Arab Spring scene | Nadeen Shaker
Pundits studying the Middle East often cite Islamism as the most scathing malaise currently afflicting the region. To Issandr El-Amrani, owner of The Arabist blog and project director of International Crisis Group’s North African Project, however, differences between ruling groups, aside from their ideological beliefs, drive polarisation in post-revolutionary Arab countries.
In a lecture at the American University in Cairo on Wednesday, entitled “Egypt, Libya, Tunisia: From the Contagion of Revolution to the Contagion of Polarisation,” El-Amrani developed the metaphor of “contagion” — adapting the domino effect scenario, in which Arab uprisings contagiously spread — to one where “polarisation”, not revolution, was the final outcome.
FULL ARTICLE (Ahram Online)
Photo: Jonathan Rashad/Wikimedia Commons

'Contagion of polarisation' dominates post-Arab Spring scene | Nadeen Shaker

Pundits studying the Middle East often cite Islamism as the most scathing malaise currently afflicting the region. To Issandr El-Amrani, owner of The Arabist blog and project director of International Crisis Group’s North African Project, however, differences between ruling groups, aside from their ideological beliefs, drive polarisation in post-revolutionary Arab countries.

In a lecture at the American University in Cairo on Wednesday, entitled “Egypt, Libya, Tunisia: From the Contagion of Revolution to the Contagion of Polarisation,” El-Amrani developed the metaphor of “contagion” — adapting the domino effect scenario, in which Arab uprisings contagiously spread — to one where “polarisation”, not revolution, was the final outcome.

FULL ARTICLE (Ahram Online)

Photo: Jonathan Rashad/Wikimedia Commons

20 Feb
Disillusionment in Libya Over Vote on Charter Assembly | Carlotta Gall
For the second time since the overthrow of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi two and a half years ago, Libyans are being asked to go to the polls to elect lawmakers responsible for preparing a new constitution. On Thursday, increasingly frustrated voters will directly elect a 60-member assembly to draft the charter after Parliament failed to appoint the body as originally planned.
“People are saying: ‘What happened?’ ” said Claudia Gazzini, a senior analyst for the International Crisis Group who is based in Libya. Disillusioned with the lack of progress, Libyans are disinclined to come out and vote, she said. “They are saying: ‘I’m not going to dip my hand in the ink this time.’ ”
Precious little has been achieved in Libya since the war that killed Colonel Qaddafi and ended his 42 years of autocratic rule. The country held its first free elections amid much euphoria in 2012, creating a General National Congress that then appointed a new government.
FULL ARTICLE (New York Times)
Photo:  United Nations Development Programme/flickr

Disillusionment in Libya Over Vote on Charter Assembly | Carlotta Gall

For the second time since the overthrow of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi two and a half years ago, Libyans are being asked to go to the polls to elect lawmakers responsible for preparing a new constitution. On Thursday, increasingly frustrated voters will directly elect a 60-member assembly to draft the charter after Parliament failed to appoint the body as originally planned.

“People are saying: ‘What happened?’ ” said Claudia Gazzini, a senior analyst for the International Crisis Group who is based in Libya. Disillusioned with the lack of progress, Libyans are disinclined to come out and vote, she said. “They are saying: ‘I’m not going to dip my hand in the ink this time.’ ”

Precious little has been achieved in Libya since the war that killed Colonel Qaddafi and ended his 42 years of autocratic rule. The country held its first free elections amid much euphoria in 2012, creating a General National Congress that then appointed a new government.

FULL ARTICLE (New York Times)

Photo:  United Nations Development Programme/flickr

3 Feb
Catch up on the world’s conflicts in this month’s CrisisWatch map.

Catch up on the world’s conflicts in this month’s CrisisWatch map.

17 Dec

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18 Nov
Libyan PM urges militias to leave Tripoli after violence erupts | Borzou Daragahi
Libya’s embattled prime minister Ali Zidane on Saturday called on all armed groups other than the uniformed police and army to leave the capital a day after self-described revolutionary brigades opened fire on mostly unarmed protesters, leaving at least 43 people dead and 400 injured.
Fresh clashes between rival militia groups from the capital, Tripoli, those with roots in Libya’s number three city of Misurata broke out in the city, leaving at least one dead. The Libyan capital appeared close to the brink of a complete breakdown in security amid reports that militias from Misurata had shelled the eastern Tripoli suburb of Tajoura, plundered an army base there and made off with weapons and ammunition.
FULL ARTICLE (Financial Times) 
Photo: Matchbox Media Collective/Flickr

Libyan PM urges militias to leave Tripoli after violence erupts | Borzou Daragahi

Libya’s embattled prime minister Ali Zidane on Saturday called on all armed groups other than the uniformed police and army to leave the capital a day after self-described revolutionary brigades opened fire on mostly unarmed protesters, leaving at least 43 people dead and 400 injured.

Fresh clashes between rival militia groups from the capital, Tripoli, those with roots in Libya’s number three city of Misurata broke out in the city, leaving at least one dead. The Libyan capital appeared close to the brink of a complete breakdown in security amid reports that militias from Misurata had shelled the eastern Tripoli suburb of Tajoura, plundered an army base there and made off with weapons and ammunition.

FULL ARTICLE (Financial Times) 

Photo: Matchbox Media Collective/Flickr

6 Nov
Libyan Federalists Raise Tensions | Jamie Dettmer
Tensions in Libya are rising this week after federalism advocates in oil-rich eastern Libya have announced the formation of their own regional administration.
Sunday in the town of Ajdabiya, 150 kilometers south of Benghazi, Ibrahim Jathran and other federalist leaders accused the central government of Prime Minister Ali Zeidan of “incompetence and corruption.”   Jathran, a former head of Libya’s Petroleum Protection Force turned on Zeidan earlier this year by using the force, which is largely made up of militias, to seize the country’s biggest oil-exporting ports Ras Lanuf and Es-Sider.
Federalist leaders who named a prime minister and a 24-member cabinet say that since the ouster of Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi, Zeidan’s government and the Libyan parliament known as  the General National Congress have failed the country, and especially eastern Libya which they call by its traditional name of Cyrenaica. 
FULL ARTICLE (VOA News) 
Photo: Crethi Plethi/Flickr 

Libyan Federalists Raise Tensions | Jamie Dettmer

Tensions in Libya are rising this week after federalism advocates in oil-rich eastern Libya have announced the formation of their own regional administration.

Sunday in the town of Ajdabiya, 150 kilometers south of Benghazi, Ibrahim Jathran and other federalist leaders accused the central government of Prime Minister Ali Zeidan of “incompetence and corruption.”   Jathran, a former head of Libya’s Petroleum Protection Force turned on Zeidan earlier this year by using the force, which is largely made up of militias, to seize the country’s biggest oil-exporting ports Ras Lanuf and Es-Sider.

Federalist leaders who named a prime minister and a 24-member cabinet say that since the ouster of Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi, Zeidan’s government and the Libyan parliament known as  the General National Congress have failed the country, and especially eastern Libya which they call by its traditional name of Cyrenaica. 

FULL ARTICLE (VOA News) 

Photo: Crethi Plethi/Flickr